Deep questions

Funnily enough, Dante's Inferno depicts Satan not as the ruler of hell, but as a prisoner of it.

As an addition to your post: Dante did write down and shape how people depicted a detailed hell, but the concept of it being a fiery pit has been around for much longer. It (like so many motifs used in Christianity/the New Testament) stems from ideas of other religions like the Greek Hades (with its fire river Pyriphlegethon), the Norse Muspelheim (a realm or state where fire engulfs everything), or one of the houses of the Egyptian Duat which also incorporates lakes of fire. The concept is actually present in the New Testament (which is written in Greek, so a case of the authors being influenced by their old culture can be made), most notably Revelations and Matthew.

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